Li Ziming Zhao Tai Yuen Wah Wu Gongfu2019-12-25
The original Chinese article is here
The old eight palms taught by Liang Zhenfu, an apprentice of gossip founder Dong Haichuan, is one of the basic methods of getting started. It includes: single palm change, cover palm, back palm, homeopathic palm, cloaked palm, stepped palm, rubbed palm, flattening through the eight basic palms. Because the Bagua Palm is changing its moves in continuous movements, and its movements are more complicated, beginners should start with the most basic palm to gradually familiarize themselves with the technical essentials and style characteristics of the Bagua Palm. The old eight palms are mainly for practicing basic techniques, body, leg and basic strength, which is suitable for beginners to practice. Practice the old eight palms can not be eager to achieve success, you must follow three steps to make progress in order to do more with less. The so-called three-step technique is to first pay attention to the standard of body shape, the change of technique and the change of footwork, correct the posture, relax the whole body, and do not rush to force and attack. The second step is to make the movements calm, vigorous, long and heavy. Jin should slowly look in, so that Jin is not exposed. The third step is to achieve the same potential, coordinate the whole body, keep the strength steady and coherent, and connect the spirit, energy, consciousness, and strength in one go, so that all four forms are prepared: it looks like a dragon, looks like a monkey, and it looks like a tiger. Alas, turning like an eagle plate.
Explanation of the basic footwork of Lao Ba Zhang:
Mud step: It is a footwork that walks around the circle. Take a knee-squat squat position. When walking in the circle, the inner feet are straight (the toes near the center of the circle are facing forward), the outer feet are buckled (the toes of the outer feet are inclined to the inside of the circle). If you walk down the mud, your steps are shaped like scissors.
Pacing: footwork for turning around. One leg is supported, the other thigh is rotated outwards, and the toes are skimmed. Liaobu is divided into a small 掰 and a big 掰. The outskirt foot and the supporting foot form a T-shaped small step (figure ①), the outskirt foot and the supporting foot form a zigzag (figure ②) or the two feet are parallel (figure ③) as a large limp.
Step: A footwork for turning around. One leg is supported, the other leg is turned inward, and the foot is buckled inward. There are also small and large buckles. The inner buckle foot and the supporting foot form a T-shaped small step (Figure ④), the inner buckle foot and the supporting foot form a Z-shaped (Figure ⑤) or two: feet parallel (Figure ⑥) are large buckle steps. 越大 The larger the step, the greater the angle of rotation of the body.
Left hand, left foot movement route is… +, right hand, right foot movement route is +. The symbol with an arrow above the human head indicates the direction of body rotation, and the direction donated by the arrow is the direction when the action is completed.
⑴ Stand side by side along the northern end of the circle, facing east, with both eyes looking straight ahead. (figure 1)
Key points: The top of the head, the neck is vertical, the whole body is relaxed, the top of the tongue is crouched, and the breath is adjusted until the heart is calm.
First, single palm change
⑴ Bend your right leg and bend your knees half-squat, and your left foot is moved forward. At the same time, your hands are extended outward from the bottom to the left and diagonally upwards. It is curved, with the eyes looking up at the left palm. (figure 2)
Key points: loose shoulders, loose waists, loose cymbals, two legs strength left three right seven, left palm not too high eyebrows, right palm is about three or four inches below the left elbow.
⑵Right foot forward, sit back and turn around, facing the circle center, the right palm protrudes forward from the outside of the left arm, the two arms are turned inward to draw a circle toward the circle center, both palms collapse at the same time, the palms are facing the circle Heart, right palm forward, left palm under right elbow, eyes follow right palm. (image 3)
Key points: Loose shoulders, wrapped in two elbows, two palms to support, palm roots to fall, fingers to stand, tiger mouths to round support.
(3) Take a step around the circle, and the posture is shown in Figure 3.
Important: follow the mud steps.
⑷ Turn around (usually eight steps) until the right foot is in front of the lifting position, and the left foot is further forward (large buckle step). The outer forearm makes the palm upward, the arm flexes slightly to the elbow, the left palm remains unchanged, and pushes forward slightly. (Figure 4)
Key points: When turning around, turn around and turn around first (all turnings are required, no further description); when you press the elbow, you should close your shoulders and waist, and twist your arms in your forearms when twisting, and you will have to twist your strength and weight.
⑸Let your left foot move forward, while turning your right arm inwardly and turning it to the waist belt 掳, your left palms are close together with your fingers, and your thumb is kicked back. Twist forward under the right forearm into a horizontal palm. before. (Figure 6)
Key points: The strength of twisting the belt and wearing the palm is at the waist and elbows. Both palms are working at the same time.
胯 Sit to the left and turn waist, facing the center of the circle, the left palm is non-stop, the forearm rotates in the direction of the forehead to the left and back, and the palm of the palm is bent toward the center of the circle, the forearm is slightly flexed, and the right palm is downward to the left Circle the heart and place it under the left elbow, and look straight ahead through the left palm tiger mouth. (Figure 6)
Key points: Same as Figure 8.
图 From Figure ⑥, start to circle around-Zhou, and then take the left style and change the palm to the right style. The action is the same as that shown in Figures 3, 4, 5, and 6, but the direction is opposite to left and right. (Figure 7)
Cover your palms
⑴Push the palm of your hand in a right style and then circle around until the right foot is in front of you, and your left foot is taken forward, your right leg is bent and your knees are stretched and flattened slightly forward; Press the palm cover downwards, palms down, right palm in front of the chest up and down-back up, and then cover from the chest forward; follow the front of the right palm. (Figure 8)
Key points: The movements should be consistent, the right foot’s pinch point and the right palm’s cover should be consistent, the center of gravity should be stable, the figure should be positive, and the waist should be bent.
⑵ The right leg is quickly retracted, and steps backwards. The knees are slightly flexed, turning and turning waist, facing the circle center. At the same time, the right elbow sinks into the externally rotated forearm, the arms are downward, and the palms cross inward through the abdomen. Lay out to the sides, palms backward; look at the right palm. (Figure 9)
Key points: Close your legs first, lower your calves, turn your waist and back, and then step back. When you reach your palm, don’t shrug your neck when you reach your palm.
⑶ 掰 Right step, left foot forward half step (big buckle), turn to face west, at the same time turn right palm and turn palm to the waist belt 拧, the left palm is passed through the left waist, along the right forearm Go forward and look at the left palm. (Figure 10)
Key points: Liaobu and stab steps should be as large as possible. Sit down and twist your waist. When walking with your palms, your palms should fit together. Both hands must be competitive.
⑷ 掰 Right step, turn right back (east), then push the left step (large buckle), at the same time, the left palm becomes the horizontal palm to make the palm forward, cover from the back of the head to the front, slightly bend the arms and nose Go high, turn your right palm out and push it out to your right waist; look at your left palm. (Figure 11)
Important: Keep your body upright when you turn around, and use your back to stretch your palms.
⑸The center of gravity moves to the left leg, moving the right toe to the west; turning the shoulders, turning from the right to the back (west); at the same time, the right palm draws an arc from the right waist to the back, and then pushes upwards, pushing the palm forward , High above the eye, press the left palm to the left side of the chin, and look at the right palm. (Figure 12)
Important points: When inserting the right palm back, one should sink his shoulder and give his hand, the other should turn his shoulder and twist his elbow. The sinking, twisting, drilling, and pushing should be done in one go.
动作 The operation and main points of Figure 13 are the same as those of Figure 5.
动作 The action and main points of Figure 14 are the same as those of Figure 6.
⑻ From the left push palm of Figure 14 to the thousands of rounds to the lifting position, then take the left cover palm and turn it into the right push palm. The action and the method are the same as those in Figure 8-14, except that the directions are opposite to left and right. (Figure 15)
Three, back palm
推 Push the palm of your hand in a right style and make a circle until you reach the lifting position with your right foot in front. 掰 Left step, buckle right step, turn your body 360 ° to the left, facing east, meanwhile, turn your right palm to the left and cover your palm. Divide to the left through the right forearm, the left and right arms cross in a cross, and look at the right palm. (Figure 16)
⑵ Lift your left foot forward and half step forward with your right foot. At the same time, the right palm continues to cross to the left, the left palm is moved horizontally along the right forearm to the left, and the elbow becomes two palms leaning against each other. , Hukou round brace, and then elbowed forward as the progress; squinting straight ahead. (Figure 17)
Important points: The central axis should be stable when turning, the head should be turned around, the movements of both hands should be consistent, and the strength should be on the waist when squeezing.
(3) The left toe points outward, and the right toe points to the center of the circle, turning 270 ° to the left, facing the center of the circle, with both hands sinking elbows to turn around, the left foot takes a step to the left, and the palms of both hands are upward to the face. Hold in the top and look into your hands. (Figure 18)
Important points: When you turn around, your body should be tight, and you should sink your waist when you insert it.
⑷ 掰 Left step (toe to circle outside), buckle right step (toe to circle center), turn left 360 °, facing the circle center, at the same time, support with both hands to carry around, and then chin left outside right inside into a cross The palms of the hands are backwards; the left foot is taken one step horizontally, and both hands are pushed toward the sides at the same time. (Figure 19)
Key points: Slump and loosen your waist on time. Don’t lean forward.
⑸The center of gravity is moved to the right foot, and the left foot is retracted half a step backward. At the same time, the left palm is turned outward and the wrist is turned into the upper back and then hidden. Then, the left foot is left, and the left palm is continued downward to the left (east). , The right palm closes to the right side; the eye follows the left hand. (Figure 20)
Key points: Support, cover, press, and concise to be consistent, in one go, at the same time.
⑹The center of gravity is moved to the left foot, and the right foot is retracted half a step back. The body is turned to the left, while the right palm is turned outwards, and the wrist rest, cover and press down. With the palms facing backwards, the left palm is closed to the side of the hips, and the eyes follow the right palm. (Figure 21)
Key points: Same as Figure 20, except the left and right are opposite.
⑺Figure 22 is the same as Figure 5.
⑻The operation and essentials of Figure 23 are the same as those of Figure 6.
⑼From the left push palm of Figure 23, make a circle around to the lifting position, and then walk the left back palm to form the right push palm. The action and method are the same as those in Figure 16-23, except that the directions are opposite to left and right. (Figure 24)
推 Push the palm around the circle in a right style until you reach the lifting position with your left foot forward, your right foot striding forward (toe to the center of the circle), and your left foot striding forward (toe facing east). Turn to face the east; at the same time, recover the right shoulder, turn the forearm outward to bring the palm up, the arm slightly flexes the elbow, turn the left palm with you, push forward and sink under the right elbow; (Figure 25)
Key points: Turn your shoulders and press your elbows when you roll over and press your elbows. When twisting, make sure that you keep your arms tight, and that your hands are tight.
⑵Big step on the right, with your toes as far as possible in the circle, big buckle on the left, and your toes against the center of the circle, the body will then turn right 360 °, and the left palm will pass through the right armpit and turn obliquely upward and to the left. Insert the right palm through the left elbow along the left side of the body to the left side of the left side, palm to the left, with both eyes looking up to the left (east). (Figure 26)
Key points: This movement has a large turn and a large step. Turn around and intersperse the key in the lumbosacral spin, the whole body must be twisted, the movements must be coherent.
⑶ The center of gravity moves to the left leg, knees bent and squat, and the right leg protrudes to the right along the circle line; at the same time, the left palm rotates inwardly to draw a small arc, and the palm of the palm is tilted upwards. On the right side of the palm, the palm of the hand is turned upside down and inserted along the outboard arm of the right leg. Turn your head to the right with your right palm and look at the right palm. (Figure 27)
Key points: The left palm should be elbowed, the five fingers slightly bent, and the palm should be empty. If you want to sit down, you should sit on your waist and shoulders.
⑷ Push your left foot forward, bend your right leg, turn your waist slightly to the right, sink your shoulders, and send your shoulders. The right palm will rotate outward along the right leg of the right leg to the right and diagonally forward. Wear it with the palm up and the left palm inward. Screw your back arm up, palm up; eye level right palm. (Figure 28)
Key points: When the center of gravity is moved forward, the top cymbal should be sent, and the left, right, left, and right arms should be as tight as a twisted rope.
⑸Turn the waist to the left (east) to send the top cymbal, while sinking the left shoulder and forearm, the left palm is screwed forward; the right arm is turned inward, and the palms of the two palms are upward, higher than the shoulders, and the left palm is seen. (Figure 29)
Important: Use your right shoulder to push the left shoulder and turn your arms to turn your arms. The right and left arms of the left and right arms are twisted like twisted ropes. The shoulders should be loose.
动作 The action and main points of Figure 30 are the same as those of Figure 29, except that the directions are opposite to the left and right.
⑺The center of gravity moves to the left foot, and the right foot takes half a step, the right palm covers inward, presses down, the left palm rotates slightly, and then the right foot takes a half step forward. Outside the circle, press the left palm forward to the left side of the hip, palm down, eyes follow the right palm. (Figure 31)
Key points: Cover, press, and slap the movements in a consistent manner, with the same palm steps, and the strength of the left and right hands and waist should be unified.
⑻ Enter the right step along the circle, with your legs slightly flexed, and turn your right palm outwards towards the waist belt 掳, then take the left step, the left palm goes forward along the right forearm, looking at the front. (Figure 32)
Key points: Same as Figure 5.
⑼The operation and procedure of Figure 33 are the same as those of Figure 6.
⑽From the left push palm of Figure 33, make a circle around to the lifting position, and then take the left homeopath to return to the right push palm. The action and the method are the same as those in Figure 25-33, but the direction is opposite to left and right. (Figure 34)
Five, draped palm
推 Push the palm of your hand in the right style and circle around until the left leg is in front of the lifting position. 掰 Right step with your toes inward, buckle the right step, turn your body 90 ° to the right, facing west, while recovering your right shoulder, outside Rotate the forearm, the palms of the hands are facing upwards, the arms are slightly flexed to the elbows, and the left palm remains unchanged. (Figure 35)
Important points: Steps must be big, big buckles, or the next twist angle is not enough.
⑵ 掰 The right toe points out of the circle, and the left step (large buckle) is clicked, and the toe is as far as possible east: At the same time, the right palm is turned inward to the waist belt 掳, the left palm is pushed forward along the right forearm, Mouth is aligned, looking at the left hand. (Figure 36)
Essentials: When striding forward, you must sit, twist your waist, and your body straight. The two palms clashed back and forth, and they had to work hard.
(3) The center of gravity moves to the left foot, and the right foot moves further southwest. The body turns 240 ° from left to right, while the left palm turns and shoots behind, and the right palm is split along the outside of the left forearm to the back of the brain (southwest). , Above shoulder level, eyes follow the right palm. (Figure 37)
Key points: Turn around and split your palms in a coordinated manner, keep your central axis stable, and keep your body straight. When splitting your palms, your arms should go round, step, hip, waist, shoulders, elbows, and palms.
⑷Forward 掰 Right step toes outside the circle, push left step (large buckle) Toes outside the circle (northwest); At the same time, turn your right hand inwardly (palm down) toward the waist belt, left palm along right forearm Bottom out, shoulder level, and look forward. (Figure 38)
Key points: To loosen the waist and twist the waist, the body should face the direction of the palm as far as possible, but the buckle step must be in place.
⑸The center of gravity moves to the left foot, and the right foot takes a half step (northeast). Turn right and face the northeast. At the same time, the left palm turns and pats behind, and the right palm is split along the outside of the left forearm to the back of the brain (northeast). , Above shoulder level, eyes follow right palm. (Figure 39)
Key points: Same as Figure 37.
⑹Big step, right toe, inside toe (south), step to the left (big buckle), toe inside (south), while turning your right hand to the waist belt 掳, left palm under right forearm Go forward (east) and look at the left palm. (Figure 40)
Key points: Same as Figure 38.
动作 The operation and main points of Figure 41 are the same as those of Figure 39, except that the movement direction is opposite.
动作 The operation and main points of Figure 42 are the same as those of Figure 32.
动作 Fig. 43 The operation and main points are the same as those in Fig. 6.
⑽ From the left push palm of Figure 43 to make a circle around the circle, go to the lifting position, and then take the left hand palm to form the right push palm. (Figure 44)
Six, step by step
动作 The operation and main points of Figure 45 are the same as those of Figure 25.
⑵ 掰 Right step, toe point outward (north), big buckle left step, toe point to the southeast, turn body from left to right by 180 °, meanwhile, the left palm passes through the right armpit upward, and the right palm rotates inward Press the palms of the two palms facing each other and look at the left palm. (Figure 46)
Key points: Slacken your waist, and your shoulders, elbows, and palms must be wrapped together.
(3) With your right foot take a step back towards the circle, sit down on your waist and hips. At the same time, your palms will collapse your wrists and elbows. You will sink your left foot downwards. Step and see the left hand. (Figure 47)
Key points: Should fall, the shoulders, waist, and chin should be loose, with your head on top, and you should not lean forward.
⑷ Both palms continued to slap behind, the center of gravity gradually moved to the left foot, the seated chin turned to the right, and his face turned to the northwest. (Figure 48)
Important points: Use the waist and back to stretch the belt, and turn your waist straight when you turn your waist and your elbows inward.
⑸ Move your right foot in place, turn your toes forward, and take a step forward with your left foot. At the same time, turn your left palm into your right arm, draw an arc in front of your eyes, and collapse your palm toward the back (circle). The center of the circle is pushed under the left elbow. The palms of the two palms face the center of the circle. (Figure 49)
Key points: The left and right palms must be continually covered, wrapped, turned, and collapsed.
⑹ From the left push palm of Figure 40 to the circle-circle, to the starting position, take the left-style Gubu palm and change the right push palm. The actions and points are the same as those in Figure 45-49, but the directions are opposite to left and right. (Figure 50)
Seven, rub your palms
动作 The operation and main points of Figure 51 are the same as those of Figure 25.
⑵ 掰 The right toe is outside the circle, the left foot is half a step outside the circle (large buckle), the toe is east, and the right arm is turned inward and turned to the waist belt. The left palm passes forward along the right forearm and the eyes follow the left hand. (Figure 52)
Key points: The waist should be twisted, the body should be straight, and the movements of holding and palming with both hands should be consistent.
Key points: twist the right palm with strength in the waist and elbows, and sink the elbows when the left palm is pulled out, with five fingers slightly buckled, and the palms of the hands are unified. Two palms-energetically at the same time.
(3) The operation and main points of Figure 67 are the same as those of Figure 66, except that the left and right are opposite.
⑷Figure 68 is the same as Figure 66.
⑸ 掰 Right step, big left step behind, toe to the southwest as far as possible, turn your body 360 ° to the right, facing west, and turn your right palm along with you. With your feet half a step forward, push your right palm forward from bottom to top, palms backward, and look at your right palm. (Figure 69)
Key points: The step length should be small. When turning, first shift the center of gravity and turn the waist and back.
⑹ Figure 70 is the same as Figure 22 for the operation and the essentials.
⑺ Figure 71 is the same as Figure 23 for action and essentials.
⑻ From the left push palm of Figure 71, circle around the circle-to the starting position, and then go left to pass through the palm to form the right push palm. The movements and essentials are the same as those in Figure 65-7l, but the directions are opposite to left and right. (Figure 72)
推 Push the palm of your hand in the right style and circle around to the lifting position. Take a step forward with your left foot and your toes toward the center. At the same time, the arms of your two hands will rotate outwards. Hold it diagonally upwards, palms diagonally towards the temples, eyes straight ahead. (Figure 73)
Key points: Slacken your elbows with both hands lowered and raised.
⑵The center of gravity is moved to the left foot, and the right foot is closed. The legs are slightly flexed and then slowly stand upright. At the same time, the arms are rotated inward until the palms are down. (Figure 74)
Key points: Relax all over your body and adjust your breathing slowly with your movements. After standing upright, quiet for 1-2 minutes, and then take a walk slowly, it is not appropriate to sit down and rest immediately.
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